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Table 6 Typical properties of mode-locked Tm-doped fiber lasers

From: Graphene saturable absorbers applications in fiber lasers

Fabrication method Average output power Pulse energy Center wavelength Pulse duration Repetition frequency Ref
CVD 1.5 mW 110uJ 1953.3 nm 2.1 ps 16.937 MHz [148]
CVD 47 mW 10.4pJ 1908 nm 65 ns 1.82 MHz [52]
CVD 40 mW 6.9 μJ 2023 nm 10 ns 71.8 MHz [146]
ME 2 mW 0.4nJ 1940 nm 3.6 ps 6.46 MHz [149]
ME 3 mW 1852 nm to 1886 nm 3.11 ps 2.68 MHz [150]
CVD 4.85 mW 0.19nJ 1900 nm 216 fs 25.76 MHz [151]
ME 98 mW 1961.6 nm 1.36 ps 37.2 MHz [119]
CVD 1.21 mW 1923.3 nm 737 fs 28.25 MHz [118]
LPE 5.35 mW 0.75nJ 1560 nm 890 fs 11.17 MHz [152]
ME 27.2 W 0.179nJ 1503.8 nm 5.79 ps 6.93 MHz [153]
CVD 1.98 W 684nJ 1940.5 nm 14.5 ns 2.89 MHz [154]
CVD 13 mW 220pJ 1945 nm 200 fs 58.87 MHz [155]
ME 2.87 mW 1882 nm 1.3 ps 17 MHz [156]
  1. CVD chemical-vapour deposited, CE chemically exfoliated, ME mechanically exfoliate, LPE liquid phase exfoliation, EE electrochemical exfoliation